Are you a dog owner? Have you acquired a new puppy for the first time? Are you wondering what vaccines to give your dog? If so, then don’t worry as this article will discuss all the necessary information and tips that you need to know before vaccinating your puppy.
Administering vaccinations to your dog is one of the most important things that you can do at the beginning of your dog’s life. Vaccinating your dog is very important because when you do so, you protect them from infections and disease-causing organisms.
The benefits of vaccination don’t end there. Apart from protecting your dog from death caused by infections, you also eliminate the chances of your dog passing diseases to other animals.
When to Vaccinate
It is important to vaccinate your puppy as soon as possible. The veterinarian should fully assess your pooch before administering any injections.
The best time to vaccinate your puppy is when they’re six to eight weeks of age. After this, a regular visit to the vet will be appropriate.
Depending on the dog’s needs, the vet should be in a position to schedule a follow-up vaccination program.
The conventional puppy vaccines protect dogs from a myriad of infections including:
- Kennel cough – All puppies should be vaccinated with a dose against this disorder. The vaccine is very vital and should be administered as early as possible. Kennel cough is a respiratory disease that attacks dogs all over the world. This disease is usually hard on puppies due to their low immune system.
- Canine distemper – This is another disease that every puppy should be vaccinated from.
- Canine parvovirus – All puppies should receive a canine parvovirus vaccine during the first 16 weeks of their life.
- Para-influenza – It’s important that a young dog is vaccinated against this disorder.
- Leptospirosis – This disease is waterborne, and your puppy might be prone to it if a majority of time is spent outdoors. Because of this, it’s a necessity for your pooch to get this. However, depending on your dog’s requirements and lifestyle, the shot can be a lifesaver.
The developmental phase of every dog is very critical. During this time, your furry pal’s immune system isn’t fully developed. What you should do as a dog owner is to take very good care of your puppy until the mothers’ antibody has no effect on the pups immune system. This is to give your dog a boost until its body is able to create a stable and longlasting line of defense that can fight off a majority of infections.
After your dog has fully matured with a stable immune system, the regular visits to the veterinary clinic are no longer necessary.
Types of vaccines
A multivalent vaccination is a type of immunization that contains more than one vaccine antigen in a single dose. This means that it can vaccinate against more than one microorganism or different strains of the same organism.
This type of vaccine is being used by a majority of vets for its ability to protect multiple disorders.
There is one combination vaccine that is highly recommended by vets. The DA2PP vaccine protects the dog from adenovirus2, canine distemper, and canine parvovirus.
The l vaccine is a non-core drug that vaccinates for leptospirosis. The vaccine should be administered based on the disease risk factor and exposure of your dog. Any combination vaccine is safe when produced by a manufacturer. Otherwise, you should never mix two or more vaccines in a single syringe unless directed.
Example of a vaccination schedule
Below is an example of a vaccination schedule that should work well for many dogs. However it’s important that you work with your vet to come up with a plan that is more specific to your pup’s needs.
Age of dog
7 weeks DA2PP- intranasal bordetella( kennel cough).
10 weeks DA2PP – Lyme disease, leptospirosis.
16 weeks DA2PP – rabies, DA2PP- rabies.
1 year If need be- bordetella, Lyme disease and leptospirosis.
Who should vaccinate my puppy?
A trusted local vet should be your only option for your pets’ immunization needs. The best thing you should do after getting a new dog is to register it to your local vet. Together with your vet, you should properly plan the best schedule for your dog.
Any attempts made to vaccinate your dog from any other person other than a registered vet can be a disaster waiting to happen. You should only entrust the life of your dog to a professional, who should asses the dog and provide the necessary vaccinations.
What’s the price for a vaccination?
There is no fixed amount dedicated to puppy inoculation as it varies from place to place and from vet to vet.
However, shots can include other preventive care such as deworming and physical assessment which might greatly influence the money you spend. Depending on the needs of your dog and the type of vaccination administered, the price can also vary.
It’s often the case that the cost of vaccinating a disease to be way less than the treatment of the same disease.
Will my puppy be hurt from vaccination?
Core vaccines like the rabies vaccines are termed to be safe for all manner of dogs. The benefits from the shots outweigh the risk associated with the disease.
Therefore, it’s safe to say that your dog needs vaccination to protect them against serious diseases which can sometimes be life-threatening. Noncore injections are also very safe for your pup. However, if your dog has a lower chance of coming into contact with diseases, then the vaccine is not necessary.
Vaccines are biological products, and therefore may have one or two mild side effects on your animal. The reactions are minor and can be easily managed.
However, if the dog is already sick, there is no need to vaccinate him.
Inoculations are designed to improve the immune system of a healthy dog and therefore if your dog is ill, the vaccine will be ineffective and even harmful.
Can puppy vaccinations be skipped?
All vaccinations should be administered as to the vets’ schedule, and none of the core shots should be missed. The essential shots are given to your pup to prevent serious illnesses. For this reason, you should follow the advice from your vet in order not to miss a single core series shot. Necessary vaccines are used to provide a back up immune system as the maternal antibodies disintegrate. Therefore, they’re very vital for the first 16 weeks.
If your puppy has an allergic reaction, you should discuss it with your vet in order to learn of the vaccines that may have effects on your pet. This will provide you with all the necessary information and therefore decide where to go from there.
In the case for an old dog, a titer test should be done to measure the number of the existing antibodies. If the number is at a protective level, you can then skip the vaccination without worry.
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